Unanimous Adoption of OECD Council Recommendation on AI (May 23)
- OECD Council Recommendation on AI unanimously adopted on the occasion of OECD MCM 2019
□ The Ministry of Science and ICT took part in OECD Ministerial Council Meeting (MCM) 2019 which was held for two days during the period of May 22 and 23 and announced that there was a unanimous adoption of OECD Council Recommendation on AI* by member states.
* OECD Council Recommendation on AI
ㅇ OECD Ministerial Council Meeting (MCM) is the highest decision-making body of the OECD. In this year’s meeting, dignitaries from 36 member states and heads of international organizations such as UN, UNESCO and IMF attended to discuss how to utilize digital transformation for sustainable development.
□ In particular, OECD Council Recommendation on AI is the first recommendation on AI to be established by international organizations. It has been adopted through an official signing ceremony and is assessed to be one of the representative outcomes of OECD Ministerial Council Meeting (MCM) 2019.
※ Main contents of OECD Council Recommendation on AI
1. The general principles include the following: (1) inclusive and sustainable growth and well-being (2) human-centered values and fairness (3) transparency and explainability (4) robustness and safety (5) accountability
2. They also include recommended national policy priorities for trustworthy AI, namely: (1) investing in responsible AI research and development (2) fostering an enabling digital ecosystem for AI (3) providing a flexible policy environment for innovation (4) building human capacity and preparing for job transformation (5) international cooperation
ㅇ In his keynote speech, OECD Secretary General Angel Gurria has highlighted the importance of trustworthy AI in realizing the potential of AI and recognized the outcomes made in relation to OECD Council Recommendation on AI for this will become a milestone for trustworthy AI and international cooperation in the future.
ㅇ Major countries such as the U.S., Japan and EU strongly endorsed the adoption of this recommendation and particularly commended the contributions made by Korea which played a leading role in finalizing the recommendation.
□ Meanwhile, Vice Minister Min Wonki who chaired this OECD Expert Group on AI (AIGO) and played a critical role in adoption of the recommendation said, “I hope the adoption of the recommendation can set a guideline for desirable use of AI and AI development in the international community in the future.”